National Programme For Control Of Blindness
National Programme for Control of Blindness (NPCB) was launched by the Ministry of Health & FW , Govt. of India in 1976. India was the first country in the world to have launched a national level blindness control programme. As India realized that cataract was the major cause of blindness in the country and that surgical facilities were not accessible to most people in the rural areas, the programme was initiated.
From the very inception the programme is being implemented as a 100% centrally sponsored programme. It was included in the Prime Minister's 20- point socio economic programme in 1982.
Planning Process under National Programme for Control of Blindness :-
The District Blindness Control Society's plan should as far as practicable to be an aggregation and consolidation of the village and the block primary eye care level. The perspective plans must be on the basis of village eye care plan. Block PHC / CHC will be the key level for development of decentralized plan.
Village level eye care provider would be responsible for village eye care activities. ASHA , Anganwadi Workers , Health Workers would be key persons responsible for household survey, the village Blind Register
The cluster level will be led by the PHC / CHC personnel like PMOA who facilitate planning inputs of the village level eye care providers to formulate a broad plan.. Medical Officer , In-charge of the PHC will work in close co-ordination.
The District Blindness Control Society , particularly the DPM / Member Secretary and the Chairman will review the plan and monitor the eye care activities as per NPCB Guideline.
Situation Analysis :
Assam is one of the backward states of India situated in the North-East. Guwahati is its capital, lies on the bank of river Brahmaputra.
Assam State Blindness Control Society ( ASBCS) was formed and registered under Society's Act 1860 vide Reg. No. RS/KAM/240/T/25 Dtd. 22-06-2004 of 2004-05. It has one Governing Body and one Executive Body to plan, to execute and to monitor the work of National Programme for Control of Blindness in Assam.
The Governance Structure of N.P.C.B., Assam :-
A. The Governing Body :-
B. The Executive Body :-
School Eye Screening and Refraction Services
This programmes are undertaken by our 24 nos. of D.B.C.S. under three types of refractive correction :-
For carrying out these activities , we are initiating the following as per NPCB guidelines :-
Training of PMOAs for manning the refraction services at CHCs/ upgraded PHCs. PMOAs undertake refraction work and help in the organization of eye camps in the PHC area.
There 202 nos. of PMOAs. 46 nos. of PMOAs & OT Nurses have already been trained. And another list of 44 nos of PMOAs & OT Nurses for training at RIO, Guwahati, AMCH, Dibrugarh & SMCH, Silchar are undergoing from 11th of December/2007.
Total 25698 nos. of Middle School Teachers have already been trained from 25698 middle school. Preference are given to the female teachers with science background. One teacher from each school.
· Strengthening Eye Health Education Activities by Intensive IEC Activities :-
· Cataract Surgery, Eye Donation& School Eye Screening programme are all dependent on information, education & communication activities.
· The Common Activities under IEC are :- display of hoardings, postering, bannering, wall-writing, new paper advertising , TV & Radio talk, printing materials, awareness meeting & programme, possession, Street Drama , Beautiful Eye Contest, organizing Sishu Jyoti Mela, workshop on eye donation etc.
· Control of Corneal blindness including Establishment of Eye Banks
· *Conditions like Vit - "A" deficiency, Trachoma, Measles, Corneal ulcreation etc. can lead to opacification of the cornea. Corneal grafting is the only way to restore sight. We have to develop infrastructure to collect donor,s eyes.
· *For this purpose the ASBCS supports the establishment of 5 nos. of Eye Banks & Eye Donation Centers at:-
1. Regional Institute of Ophthalmology, Guwahati.
2. Assam Medical College, Dibrugarh
3. Sri Sankardev Nethralaya, Guwahati.
4. Jeuti Eye Bank, Jorhat
5. Silchar Medical College, Silchar.